Prostatitis- the collective name of the whole group of diseases in which there is acute or chronic inflammation of the prostate gland. Stress, physical inactivity (sedentary work, lack of exercise), bacterial infections are the main causes of prostatitis, but not the only ones. An important role is played by: psychosomatic factors and individual tendencies, so that in recent years the prospect of treating prostatitis with the help of technology has been seriously considered.gene editing(gene editing), as shown in the current study.
It is important to correctly determine the type of prostatitis and its cause - 90% of the success of treatment depends on this and how quickly a man will recover. Acute prostatitis requires immediate medical attention. If the disease is caused by a process of stagnation in the tissue of the prostate gland (inactive lifestyle, irregular sex), then such prostatitis can be treated at home. However, we emphasize once again that all the activities that we will consider in this article will not replace the recommendations of individually selected competent urologists, they can only improve the quality of life. In the medical classification, there are more than 50 types of prostatitis: if appropriate to fight the disease with a course of antibiotics in case of bacterial inflammation of the prostate gland, then in other cases this will lead to the fact that the man will lose time and bring the body to a state of susceptibility to diseaseanother. Let's think.
Symptoms of prostatitis
Prostatitis refers to a disease that can develop at an early stagewithout symptoms. Then the man can visually see some suspicious increase in the size of the prostate gland. The urge to urinate appears more often, while there is incomplete emptying of the bladder, pain, decreased libido. Prostatitis even changes character - from active, cheerful and confident, a man turns into anxious and depressed.
It is important not to neglect the help of a urologist, efficiently prescribed therapy. Sometimes it is necessary to take tests to distinguish infectious prostatitis and identify pathogens, which can be Pseudomonas aeruginosa (E. coli and P. aeruginosa), enterococci, staphylococci (E. fecalis and S. spp), enterobacteria (Enterobacteriaceae), Candida fungi(Candida), as well as sexually transmitted infections (herpes, HPV). Soon after, it became clear which agent and what it meant to fight. Therefore, it is recommended to begin treatment of prostatitis at home after initial consultation with a urologist.
Common symptoms of prostatitis
- Enlargement of the prostate gland.
- Pain and discomfort in the prostate gland - occurs as a result of compression of nerve endings by enlarged prostate tissue.
- Problems with urination, painful urination, urinary retention with a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder - often lead to sleep disturbances, a man can not rest completely.
- Sexual dysfunction - occurs as a result.
Symptoms of acute prostatitis
Everything is the same, but the clinical picture is clearer:
- Severe pain in the groin and prostate gland - may radiate to other parts of the body, such as the lower back.
Acute infectious prostatitis requires immediate medical treatment.Problems with urination, until complete cessation, lead to body intoxication. And complications such as prostate abscess require surgical intervention.
Causes of prostatitis
It is important to understand what causes prostatitis to determine its type and choose the appropriate treatment. Many options:
- Bacterial infections (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, staphylococci);
- Viral infections (herpes);
- STI, STD (chlamydia, gonococcus);
- Decreased testosterone levels - leads to frequent exacerbations of the disease;
- Hypodynamia (programmer, manager syndrome);
- Psychosomatic disorders: chronic stress, dissatisfaction, frustration;
- Frequency of sexual intercourse - prolonged abstinence leads to a process of stagnation in the prostate tissue.
At the same time, according to the dataNCBI, unprotected sex (excluding family life), excessive sexual activity and frequent partner exchanges both trigger the development of prostatitis.
Acute infectious prostatitisassociated with bacterial or viral infections, STIs.
Chronic prostatitis- is associated with bacterial type inflammation of the prostate or as a result of prolonged and moist inflammation of the tissues. Prostatitis becomes chronic, sometimes reminiscent of itself, as a result of illiterate or delayed treatment.
It is important to distinguish between prostatitis andprostate adenomaThe disease is often confused. If the basis of prostatitis is an inflammatory process, then the prostate adenoma is a benign prostatic hyperplasia, which leads mainly to urinary incontinence.
Treatment of prostatitis at home
Mild abacterial prostatitis can be treated with lifestyle changes. Only a urologist can choose a drug if necessary after reviewing the anamnesis and medical history. Today, a variety of freely sold prostatitis medications are advertised as nail polish treatments, shampoos and eye spots. Be careful - prostatitis is still a serious disease, the formidable complications are prostate abscess and male infertility. If you don’t know what you don’t know what to treat for a long time, time can be wasted.
Typically, such massages are performed by urologists on an outpatient basis - special massage techniques for prostatitis are taught in medical universities and advanced training courses, so the effectiveness of this conservative method is quite high - patients feel better after 1 session, and a course relieves pathological symptoms.
If there is no opportunity to visit a urologist, which is very important now, during the period of quarantine isolation, you can try to do an external prostate massage yourself, it is important to do it carefully and cautiously. External prostate massage is less effective than rectal massage, however, if done properly and regularly, it will help reduce the process of stagnation in the tissues and smoothen blood circulation.
The massage is done manually with gentle circular movements without strong pressure. Alternatively, you can use a special massager or roll a tennis ball for 20-30 minutes.
In order for a massage at home with prostatitis to have a good effect and not cause harm, it is important to know the location of the prostate gland and make sure you take it into account.Contraindications!
Prostate massage should not be done with:
- Acute prostatitis;
- Signs of malignant process;
- The presence of cysts and stones in the prostate gland.
Before this, you can consult a urologist.
Usually, patients with prostatitis undergo a special course of physical therapy in a medical institution on an outpatient basis, however, if there are no other contraindications (from the musculoskeletal system, cardiovascular system), some exercises can be done at home:
Squatting- the most effective exercise that restores blood circulation in the pelvic organs. You can squat with loads, as well as lunges and jumps. No need to do all 100 squats at once, it can be divided into 2-3 calls. Squats should be deep, feet planted firmly on the floor.
Lift the legs straight lying on the stomach(20 times).
"Scissors" exercise(cross legs on weight) in a sitting position, hands in support behind back (20 times).
walk-regular walks in the fresh air (3-5 km).
You can choose other exercises according to your wishes, the goal is to increase blood circulation in the lower part of the body and not harm yourself.
Take a warm shower
To improve lymph and blood circulation, a warm bath (not more than 43 ° C) is useful. Phyto-collections of medicinal herbs, which you can buy at the pharmacy, should be added to the water. The additional relaxing effect will also have a good effect on the body. Take a shower for 25 minutes.
In order for the lymph and blood in a man's body to circulate better, it is recommended to take a warm bath regularly. The water should be no more than 43 ° C, and the session time is a quarter of an hour. Instead of water, you can pour hot decoctions of medicinal herbs into the bathroom.
The use of baths is allowed only if the body temperature does not rise.
The diet should be balanced, saturated with protein, without cholesterol. It is useful to include a handful of pumpkin seeds, fresh berries and honey in your daily diet.
It is important to consider all of these recommendations in combination with therapy (including medication) prescribed by a physician. For example, standard treatment regimens for chronic bacterial prostatitis involve antibiotics, NSAIDs, and sometimes antidepressants.